15th century map depicting Ptolemy's description of the Ecumene, Johannes Schnitzer, engraver
Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493, by Hartmann Schedel.
(Turn your head it's upside down.)
This one and the next one are both attributed (on the internet, at least, to Muhammad al-Idrisi, 1154--probably both from his Tabula Rogeriana.
(This one is also upside down.)
Supposedly a recreation of what Ptolemy's original map would have looked like based on the coordinates he gave.